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Andy Warhol (1)

Andy Warhol

Geboren: 6. August 1928 in Pittsburgh
Gestorben: Februar 1987 in New York

Stilrichtungen

- Pop Art

BiographieLiteraturArbeiten

Arbeiten des Künstlers

Warhol, Andy ◊ Ingrid Bergmann, 1983
Warhol, Andy ◊ Ingrid Bergmann, 1983

Warhol, Andy ◊ Gems, 1978
Warhol, Andy ◊ Gems, 1978

Warhol, Andy ◊ Steaks 99 ¢, 1986
Warhol, Andy ◊ Steaks 99 ¢, 1986

Warhol, Andy ◊ Stress!, 1985-86
Warhol, Andy ◊ Stress!, 1985-86

Warhol, Andy ◊ Portrait of a Lady, 1985
Warhol, Andy ◊ Portrait of a Lady, 1985

Warhol, Andy ◊ Hamburger Michel, 1980
Warhol, Andy ◊ Hamburger Michel, 1980

Warhol, Andy ◊ Joseph Beuys double, 1980
Warhol, Andy ◊ Joseph Beuys double, 1980

Warhol, Andy ◊ Art T-shirt orange, 1985
Warhol, Andy ◊ Art T-shirt orange, 1985

Warhol, Andy ◊ Campbell´s Soup T-shirt, 1985
Warhol, Andy ◊ Campbell´s Soup T-shirt, 1985

Warhol, Andy ◊ Art T-shirt black, 1985
Warhol, Andy ◊ Art T-shirt black, 1985

Warhol, Andy ◊ Mao, 1972
Warhol, Andy ◊ Mao, 1972

Warhol, Andy ◊ Gems, 1978
Warhol, Andy ◊ Gems, 1978

Warhol, Andy ◊ Sex Parts, 1978
Warhol, Andy ◊ Sex Parts, 1978

Warhol, Andy ◊ New York Post (Artist could have been choked), 1983
Warhol, Andy ◊ New York Post (Artist could have been choked), 1983

Warhol, Andy ◊ Stress!, 1985-86
Warhol, Andy ◊ Stress!, 1985-86

Biographie


"Everything is sort of artificial. I don´t know where the artificial stops and the real starts." A.W.

Andy Warhol was born in Pittsburgh in 1928. In 1945 he majored in pictorial design at the Carnegie University. Upon graduation, Warhol moved to New York where he worked as an illustrator for several magazines including Vogue and the New Yorker and did advertising and window displays for big retail stores. Prophetically, his first assignment was for Glamour magazine for an article titled “Success in New York”.

Throughout the 50s, Warhol enjoyed a successful career as a commercial artist experimenting with comic-like artworks. He came in contact with the famous gallery owner Leo Castelli, who revealed that Roy Lichtenstein had presented his comics there only a couple of weeks before.

Warhol was forced to find his own style, finally making standardization the basic theme of his art by creating distant images of banal products of the consumer world. Colour only contributes to increase the unrealty of a given image based on an actual photograph, such as with the screenprints of “Disasters” or the”Electric Chair” series. His icons “Elvis” or “Marylin” don´t show human beings but products of a commercial world.

1952, the artist had his first individual show at the Hugo Gallery and his first group show at the Museum of Modern Art in 1956.

The 60s was an extremely prolific decade for Warhol. Appropriating images from popular culture, Warhol created many paintings that remain icons of 20th century art, such as the Campell´s Soup Cans, Disasters and Marylins. He was the first involving highest quality into the printmaking process and set the basis of POP: reproducable art affordable for everyone.

All at once Warhol decided to stop painting and started making several 16mm films which have become underground classics such as Chelsea Girls, Empire and Blow Job. In 1968, Valerie Solanis, founder and sole member of SCUM (Society for Cutting up Men) walked into Warhol´s studio, known as the factory, and shot the artist. The attack was nearly fatal.

At he start of the 70ies, Warhol began publishing Interview magazine and renewed his focus on painting. Works created in this decade include Maos, Sculls, Torsos and Shadows and many commissioned portraits. He also published The Philosophy of Andy Warhol. Firmly established as a major 20th-century artist and international celebrity, Warhol exhibited his work extensively in museums and galleries around the world.

Famous artworks of the early 80s were the Retrospectives and the Reversal series. He also created two cable television shows. His paintings include The Last Supper, Rorschachs and in return to his first great theme of Pop, a series called Ads. Warhol also engaged in a series of collaborations with younger artists, including J.M. Basquiat, F. Clemente and K. Haring.

Following a routine gall bladder surgery, Andy Warhol died February 22, 1987. The memorial mass at St Ptarick´s Cathedral in New York was attended by more than 2000 people. In 1989 the Modern Museum of Modern Art inn New York had a major retrospective of his works, the Andy Warhol Museum opened in Pittsburgh in May 1994.

It took another decade to remember the great achievements of Warhol, when major retrospectives of his work were held at Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris and Berlin (2000) followed by a show at the Tate Modern in London in 2001.

Copyrights for all artworks:
© The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts/ARS, new York



BiographieLiteraturArbeiten


Aktuelle und vergangene Ausstellungstermine:
24.07.2004
LOVE - ein Streifzug durch Kunst rund um die Liebe - Festspielausstellung Rudolf Budja Galerie / Artmosphere Salzburg
13.06.2003
Homage to Andy Warhol: Andy Warhol / Rupert Jasen Smith - Verkaufsausstellung bei Artmosphere Wien
26.07.2003
collect/recollect - Sayn-Wittgenstein meeting Andy Warhol - Verkaufsausstellung bei Artmosphere Salzburg
29.07.2006
Amadeus – madeUSA / Artmosphere Salzburg
28.07.2007
Andy Warhol: The day the factory died
28.07.2007
Salzburg World Fine Artr Fair
13.10.2007
Shanghai Fine Jewellery and Art Fair
03.11.2007
Messe für Kunst und Antiquitäten
22.11.2007
Luxury please
30.11.2007
Seafair - The Fine Art Yacht:
04.12.2007
Art Miami
10.01.2008
PB3


Literatur


Andy Warhol – Drawings 1942-1987
Marc Francis/Dieter Koepplin, Andy Warhol Foundation, New York 1998

Andy Warhol Prints – A Catalogue Raisoné 1962-1987
Feldman/Schellmann: , D.A.P. New York, 1997

Andy Warhol (Modern Masters).
Ratcliff, Carter: Abbeville Press, New York, 1983

Andy Warhol – Kunst als Kommerz
Honnef, Klaus: . Taschen Verlag, Köln. 1988

The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B and back again)
Warhol, Andy: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovic. New York. 1975

The Andy Warhol Diaries
Hackett, Pat: . Warner Books. New York.1989

Andy Warhol – A Factory. Germano Celant
Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg, 1998

Andy Warhol – Photography
Edition Stemmle , Pittsburgh 1999

Andy Warhol – Nudes
John Cheim, Robert Miller Gallery, New York, 1995

Andy Warhol – Series and Singles
Fondation Bleyeler, Dumont, Basel 2000

Elvis & Maraylin – 2x Immortal
Wendy McDaris, Rizzoli, Mailand 1994

Andy Warhol Retrospective
Editions Centre G.Pompidou, Paris, 1990

Andy Warhol
Lothar Romain, F.Bruckmann JG, München 1993

About Face: Andy Warhol – Portraits
Andy Warhol Museum/Wadsworth Atheneum, 1999 Pittsburgh

Andy Warhol – Retrospective
Heiner Bastian, Tate Publishing, London 2002

Andy Warhol – Paintings and Sculptures 1961-1963
Catalog Raisonnée Vol. I, Phaidon Press, New York, 2002

Andy Warhol: Little Electric Chair Paintings
Gerard Malanga, Stellan Holm Gallery, 2002

Archiving Warhol: Writings and Photographs
Gerard malanga, Creation Books, 2002

Andy Warhol: Polaroids, Celebrities and Self Portraits
Francesco Clemente, Jablonka Galerie



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